An analysis of the effect of bad parenting on children
This would include working on finding a resolution and building good communication skills. As such, if parents protect their children from experiencing challenges, failure, risks, or negative emotions, their children will be less likely to reach higher academic levels.
The combination of different methods compensates for the disadvantages of each method and thus this strategy has been used by most authors e.
Poor academic performance is related to poor self-esteem, especially in the academic and professional domains, and it has a negative impact on the development of psychosocial competence and emotional regulation [ 31014151617 ].
Three middle-class neighborhoods with similar average household wealth were randomly selected . Cummings and Davies found that specific emotions of the father or the mother acted as a moderator in destructive behaviours.
In contrast, younger children are expected to intervene more than older ones, which means that they show more problem-focused coping behaviours.
Parental strictness was measured using six items from the parental control scale PCS [ 2133]. Regarding the context, Grych and Fincham refer to the psychological aspects of children and make a perspicuous distinction between proximal and distal contextual factors; distal contextual factors are stable e.
Parents influence on child behavior
Participants responded on a 4-point scale ranging from 1 almost never true to 4 almost always true. Table I. Emotional Maladjustment Emotional maladjustment was measured with the nervousness, emotional instability, and hostility subscales. It is assumed that constructive conflict styles lead to optimism toward future conflict styles. As Steinberg and Dornsbusch note , p. Based on the literature review described above, we expect that 1 school performance medium and high will be associated with better adjustment high self-esteem and psychosocial maturity and low emotional maladjustment than poor school performance low and 2 high levels of parental warmth shared by both authoritative and indulgent parents will be associated with better socialization outcomes high self-esteem and psychosocial maturity and low emotional maladjustment in both the short-term in adolescents and long-term in young, middle-aged, and older adults. Contrastingly, a conflict behaviour is classified as constructive if it provokes more positive than negative emotional responses, which, in turn, leads to an increased emotional security. In line with Goeke-Morey , different conflict behaviours can be distinguished on the basis of emotional security: if a conflict behaviour provokes more negative than positive emotional reactions, it is classified as destructive, as it weakens emotional security. In other words, the more the conflict is resolved, the more positive the emotional reaction of the child was. However, the association between positive parental behaviors and the frequency of consultations for various types of services and health conditions has not been examined.
Nevertheless, the family is not an isolated context where socialization occurs [ 2324 ].
based on 104 review