Approaches to ethics

The rights approach

Examples of goods common to all include affordable health care, effective public safety, peace among nations, a just legal system, and an unpolluted environment. We may also want to ask whether we would want to be on the receiving end of an action if the situation was reversed, or what the impact would be if everyone performed an action. Each of us holds internal values and morals that we strive to maintain and hold onto. This question reflects what kind of person you should be and what it will do to your character. Philosophers have developed five different approaches to values to deal with moral issues. Related Posts. Some of these rights are articulated in the U. What questions should we ask? This approach holds that our dignity is based on our ability to choose freely how we live our lives, and that we have a moral right to respect for our choices as free, equal, and rational people, and a moral duty to respect others in the same way. This method, of course, does not provide an automatic solution to moral problems. It opens the door to other questions related to the type of society we want to become and how we achieve that. In dealing with an ethical problem using the virtue approach, we might ask, What kind of person should I be?

These other rights an incomplete list below can be thought of as different aspects of the basic right to be treated as we choose. The rights approach follows the belief that individuals have the ability to make their decisions freely. Dealing with these moral issues is often perplexing.

Matt Battaglia is business efficiency expert and Engagement Specialist with People Centric Consultant Group that helps businesses create clear direction, intuitive processes, and motivated employees.

approaches to applied ethics

If this lever is pulled, you will still hit one other person. Both favoritism and discrimination are unjust and wrong. We may also want to ask whether we would want to be on the receiving end of an action if the situation was reversed, or what the impact would be if everyone performed an action.

In the end, we must deliberate on moral issues for ourselves, keeping a careful eye on both the facts and on the ethical considerations involved.

Four approaches to ethical reasoning

Virtues are like habits; that is, once acquired, they become characteristic of a person. This approach asks us to identify the legitimate rights of ourselves and others, in a given situation, as well as our duties and obligations. In dealing with an ethical problem using the virtue approach, we might ask, What kind of person should I be? Matt Battaglia is business efficiency expert and Engagement Specialist with People Centric Consultant Group that helps businesses create clear direction, intuitive processes, and motivated employees. It is not meant to. Both Bentham and Mill suggested that ethical actions are those that provide the greatest balance of good over evil. This approach gives the individual the opportunity to reflect if the action is fair to the people.

Some of these rights are articulated in the U. What moral rights do the affected parties have, and which course of action best respects those rights? And third, we choose the action that will produce the greatest benefits and the least harm.

rights approach ethics example

Moreover, a person who has developed virtues will be naturally disposed to act in ways consistent with moral principles.

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Five Ways To Shape Ethical Decisions: Rights Approach