How to write a research paper for journal publication

Reread the journal's Instructions to Authors. Use sub-headings to keep results of the same type together, which is easier to review and read.

Check the references.

How to write a scientific paper introduction

Take into account that a huge numbers of manuscripts are rejected because the Discussion is weak. However, when looking for keywords, avoid words with a broad meaning and words already included in the title. See our Components of a Research Article on the preparation of these two items. Here you need to compare the published results by your colleagues with yours using some of the references included in the Introduction. Submit the manuscript to the editor. USA: Oryx Press. Probably it is the easiest section to write, but the hardest section to get right. If you wait until you are done in the lab, have dismantled the equipment, and possibly moved on to another position, you will not have the opportunity to test these ideas. Don't make this section into a history lesson. Hence, keep the title informative and concise clear, descriptive, and not too long. Here we break that process into a series of steps designed make this essential task more manageable. Which disciplines are represented?

Example 2 Original title: Action of antibiotics on bacteria Revised title: Inhibition of growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by streptomycin Comments: Titles should be specific. They must be selective, and this selection often comes from the title. The introduction must be organized from the global to the particular point of view, guiding the readers to your objectives when writing this paper.

Speculations on possible interpretations are allowed, but these should be rooted in fact, rather than imagination.

How to write a manuscript for publication

You could examine my hair for its electrical and optical properties! Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported? Outline the paper. You can propose present global and specific conclusions, in relation to the objectives included in the introduction. Answer every concern of the reviewers, and indicate where the corresponding changes were made in the manuscript if they were, indeed, made. Reviewers will check whether the title is specific and whether it reflects the content of the manuscript. How selective is the journal in accepting papers for publication? Which disciplines are represented? Their length will be set by the journal but is usually words or less and will contain up to 2 tables and figures.

Our list has been modified and expanded from a list provided by the Council of Biological Editors, It gives key results but minimizes experimental details. Thus, if you are interested in communicating your results widely to the international scientific community, then it is essential to publish in English.

How to write a research paper for journal publication pdf

Avoid sudden introduction of new terms or ideas; you must present everything in the introduction, to be confronted with your results here. Use mean and standard deviation to report normally distributed data. Statistical rules Indicate the statistical tests used with all relevant parameters: e. You can use any software, such as EndNote or Mendeley , to format and include your references in the paper. This is because it is the most important section of your article. Thus, if you are interested in communicating your results widely to the international scientific community, then it is essential to publish in English. Polish the style: Refine the text, then correct grammar and spelling. If you have worked with different biodiversity components start from the simplest i.

Re examine the list of authors. The reading you do in the journal will teach you about the type of writing expected, but if you are in doubt, keep it simple.

writing research articles for publication
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How to Publish a Research Paper (with Examples)