The initial cleavage at the time of the French Revolution was between supporters of absolute monarchy the Right and those who wished to limit the king's authority the Left.
People on the right also advocate for the right of employers especially religious institutions, including Catholic hospitals to choose not to employ gay individuals.
They were major political parties in that century, but declined in the twentieth century as first the working class came to support socialist parties and economic and social change eroded their middle class base. That is to say, even for the very most stereotypically left- and right-wing policies, half of the population do not identify them as such.
The contemporary center-left usually defines itself as promoting government regulation of businesscommerce and industry ; protection of fundamental rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion separation of church and state ; and government intervention on behalf of racial, ethnic and sexual minorities and the working class.
Religion Some people on the political right believe that religious doctrine, such as the 10 Commandments, should play a role in government.
Here is a video of Professor Haidt explaining his findings in a TED talk: Media It used to be that the right wing had a very strong talk- radio presence, while the left had a strong presence in print media.
Matthew Smith Lead data journalist YouGov shows that the left-wing to right-wing political spectrum is actually much more complex than previously thought when it comes to public opinion A new angle of attack from Jeremy Corbyn seems to be that Boris Johnson is presiding over the most right-wing government in living memory.
He was twice elected as Mayor of London — an inherently left-leaning city — and despite austerity having been Conservative policy for a decade looks set to declare a public spending spree.
Social Policies A variety of social issues in the U.